Sunday, January 26, 2020

Chartreux cat popularity

The carthusian, also called cat chartreux, is a breed of cat originating in France. This cat is characterized by the copper or orange color of its eyes and by its blue skin. His face looks like he's smiling. The development of the Carthusians is slow: They need more than a year to mature.

Chartreux cat photo :

He is originally from Turkey and Iran, and was brought to France during the Crusades. In the 1930s, the L├ęger sisters developed and improved the breed. The breed was recognized in 1939. During the twentieth century, the Carthusians were on the brink of extinction after World War II, but the development of very precise selection criteria in the 1980s led to the recovery of the initial breed. Popular in France, chartreux was described in a poem by Joachim du Bellay. From then on, many people began to obtain Carthusian cats, including Colette and Charles de Gaulle.

First "blue cat" and first chartreux

The chartreux is one of the oldest breeds of cats in the natural world. It is native to the borders of Turkey and Iran, its characteristic lanse fur gave it an advantage in harsh climates. At the time of the Crusades, the Carthusians were brought in to ships trading between East and West. According to legend, the breed is called "Cartujo", since they lived in the monasteries of the Carthusian monks and was used to hunt rats at a time when the bubonic plague had been rampant throughout Europe. The cat would have given himself a vow of silence, a trait that persists to this day as the Carthusians maquecte very little. Another more plausible explanation says that this cat, during the twentieth century, was named after the dense Spanish wool "stack of carthusians". The skin of an adult carthusian is very dense, lausy and waterproof. According to Jean Simonnet, this explanation is the most likely. The first use of the term "chartreux" appeared in 1723 in the Universal Dictionary of Commerce, Natural History and Arts and Crafts of Bruslons Jacques Savary.

Race development

In the twentieth century, the Carthusians became common in Ile-de-France, Normandy and around the island of Belle-Ile-en-Mer, near the coast of Brittany. In the 1930s, the Leger sisters created a colony of carthusians on their island and cared for them to ensure their survival. Most of today's Carthusians are originally from the Leger sisters' breeding ground. It was also the time when the standards of the breed were established, the first in 1939 specifically. His efforts paid off in 1933 at an exhibition at the Cat Club in Paris, where his cat "cute guerveur" became international champion and was named "the most aesthetic cat of the exhibition".

The Second World War greatly affected the Carthusian population. In the late 1960s, the Carthusian race is also a victim of the permitted crossing with the British shorthair, two totally different races. The crosses are such that FIFE merged the two standards in 1970 and considers the two races as one. The breed was saved in 1977 by promulgating a new standard that outlined the characteristics of the Carthusians. In 1987, the breed is recognized by the Committee on Freedom of Association and TICA. Cats from other important associations followed suit soon after. These crosses between different breeds were forbidden and the Cardboard could no longer reproduce each other. The breed is present in many countries represented in the exhibition, where it is typically considered French. A first pair of Carthusians was exported to the United States in 1972 by Helen Gamon of California. These early American Carthusians are the ancestors of most Chartreux cats born in the United States. In Quebec, the contribution of French and American Carthusians allows for great diversity in blood lines, chartreux cat.


In his home country, the Carthusians were very popular and was one of the three main breeds of preference in France. However, in 2006, he was overtaken by Maine Coon and is now in fourth place with 5,740 LOOF-registered Carthusians until 2008. In England and the United States they are much more discreet. According to the Committee on Freedom of Association in 2007, it was placed in 26th place, behind the Japanese Bobtail breed.


Chartreux has a fairly pronounced sexual dimorphism. The male is medium to large in size, with a wide breast. The body of an adult's chartreux is muscular and robust of medium proportions, being flexible and very agile. Strong, thick and short, muscular neck (this is especially true for the male who, in adulthood, no longer has a neck). The shoulders are wide, the chest is deep and back. The legs have strong bones and muscles, but they look thin compared to the rest of the body. The feet are round and pads are blue-grey. The female is smaller, narrower on the breast and less round, but should remain robust, although the proportions remain the same for both sexes. The male can weigh seven and a half pounds while the female weighs between four and five pounds. In general, the legs and tail are medium-sized.


The round head of the Chartreux is marked by its large golden eyes.
Seen from the front, its head is shaped like an inverted trapezoid with rounded edges, especially in males. The profile is slightly concave, with a high, flat forehead. The straight and wide nose can have a very light stop, although its absence is preferable. The nose is slate grey. The jaw is powerful and has plump cheeks, especially in males over two years of age. The shape of the face gives a characteristic smile, its nickname is "the smile of the french cat". The chin is firm. The ears are medium-sized, at the top of the head, close to the base and slightly rounded. The eyes are round, large and expressive, although a little inclined for the outer end. The color can vary from gold to orange. Among the flaws to penalize in a feline contest, there is a stop too pronounced or the nose flat, a long and heavy snout, almond eyes. These defects do not remove the Chartreux cat title, but they lower their value. The defect that can remove the title is that it has completely green eyes, or the presence of a

The defect that can remove the title is that it has completely green eyes, or the presence of a

The only acceptable color is the blue color in all shades of blue-grey to gray-blue and should be uniform from the tip of the hair to the roots. Whether dark or pale, the color of your fur should be completely uniform, although the atigradas marks are present during the first years of your life. The mantle is blue-grey. The mantle is shiny, dense as that of an otter.

Similar breeds

Russian Blue has characteristics similar to those of a Chartreux, but they are differentiated by the color of the eyes, chartreux cat.
Currently the chartreux is confused with other blue breeds, such as the Korat and the Russian Blue.

The Russian blue has many similarities with chartreux, but the contradictory nature of the different denominations of the breed, initiated the controversy about its origin. According to many experts, Russian blue shares the same origin as chartreux. This cat has never settled in France, probably due to competition with the chartreux and the blue British shorthair.


The race is not only well educated but very calm, chartreux cat. It is sometimes said that cats must have taken a vow of silence while living with the monks. His vocabulary consists of short squeaks and murmurs instead of strong meows. They are reserved with strangers, but the family cat develops a dog-like devotion to their owners, often following them from room to room. Playing the power of the cat is evident. They like fighting and often prefer to play rough with the family dog to the company of other cats. The toys are attacked with a growl, reminding us of their hunter origins. He is a very homely cat with moderate curiosity, his favorite pastime is sleeping. Although they are usually not very demanding if they exhibit a preference for sharing your pillow instead of sleeping at the foot of the bed. As it is a cat of cold weather the Chartreux will always look for the coolest place in the house for its naps.

According to its nature this peasant cat spends its great strength and energy in short episodes of play, followed by a nap. You can't blame him for taking care of himself so much because you should know that like any good French wine, he always improves with age. It is a very sociable breed, since it always wants to be in company, either with humans or with other animals such as dogs. Because of that it is easy to carry in the car without the need to put it in a cage.


Small Chartreux are born with atigradas markings.

Small ones are often born with atigradas markings, which are destined to disappear gradually within six to twelve months. The chartreux is born with blue-grey eyes, the orange color is set three months later. The color intensity of the eyes is naturally attenuated in the chartreux. The development of this breed is slow: the completion of the musculature of the cheeks and the "wool coat" takes between two to three years.


Little grooming is required, only regular brushing. Eat a lot so a balanced diet and vitamins are recommended. Males rarely dial, are very clean and usually non-aggressive.


They have an average of two kittens per litter. Puppies are fat, resistant and take time to wean; very playful, they're big jumpers.